A pterygium is a flesh like growth that develops on the cornea, specifically, an overdevelopment of conjunctiva. Commonly, a pterygium is described as an “off-white, cone-like growth” that grows from the corner of the eye inward. Some pterygiums may be inferior enough to go untreated, but in some cases the growth can grow over the iris and pupil and can then interfere with one’s vision which will then require a pterygium surgery or a pterygium treatment.
In most cases, pterygiums cause minor symptoms. These minor symptoms consist of redness, irritation and itching. However, if a pterygium grows larger or becomes more risen, the symptoms tend to become more prominent, such as a foreign object feeling in the eye or blurred vision, which could then lead to dizziness among various other problems. When symptoms become more severe, your doctor may recommend pterygium surgery.
A pterygium, on its own, is harmless unless it starts to affect the vision. There are multiple causes for its development, however, over exposure to the sun’s damaging UV rays is the most common cause. People who live in warm, sunny climates and that are more active outdoors, are more prone to developing a pterygium that may eventually need a pterygium treatment. Also, light eyes as well as specific ethnicities are more prone to this eye growth.
A pterygium is also commonly referred to as “Surfer’s Eye”. The reason behind its nickname comes from the large number of surfers who end up developing pterygiums and then need a pterygium treatment. Since surfers spend a lot of time in the water, the sun rays that reflect off the water are stronger which tend to be very harsh on the surfers’ eyes.
When a pterygium becomes prominent and starts to affect your vision pterygium surgery might be necessary. As a pterygium grows on the cornea, it may grow into the iris and over the pupil resulting in the need for a pterygium treatment. As this growth affects your vision, you could start to develop an astigmatism that could lead to blurred vision, headaches and dizziness. During a pterygium treatment the abnormal tissue is completely removed from the cornea, which in turn should free the eye of the growth and its complications.
There are serval different methods to remove your pterygium. If your pterygium is very mild and does not need to undergo pterygium surgery, your doctor may recommend a variety of eye drops to help treat the growth. If your pterygium is very prominent and is affecting your vision among other side effects, your doctor may recommend pterygium surgery. If you think you may have signs of a pterygium it is important to contact your doctor immediately and seek his/her recommendations as to how to treat it to prevent the pterygium from growing.